The summer season, rainy season (Monsoon), and post-rainy season is a breeding ground for mosquitoes in the country. Mosquito borne diseases can be prevented by following certain simple measures. Let us have a look at some actions we can take to prevent mosquitoes from breeding in and around our homes.
Mosquito Borne Diseases
There are a number of mosquito borne diseases, popular among which are Dengue and Malaria. Others include : Filaria, brain fever, yellow fever, chikungunya, etc.
In this text we will focus on Dengue, Chikungunya, and Malaria.
There are no vaccines available as of now (August 2015) in India to prevent Dengue / Malaria. Hence PRECAUTION by way of PREVENTING of Mosquito Breeding is the best option we have at our hands.
Preventing Mosquito Breeding / Mosquito Bites
There are various measures we can take to prevent Mosquito Borne diseases, the prime principle behind them being either preventing Mosquitoes to bite you, or preventing them from breeding around your habitat.
- Wear Full-Sleeved clothes. T-Shirts / Shirts which cover the whole arm, Trousers / Leggings instead of Shorts / Skirts. Footwear which covers the whole foot (Shoes with socks instead of Slippers, Floaters, Slip-ons, etc.).
- Make sure there is no standing water (clean or otherwise) in or around your home.
- Check potted plants, water coolers, etc. and ensure there is no standing water.
- Any waste-water must either be removed (dried out) or you must spray insecticide in it.
- Mosquitoes can breed in clean water as well.
- In case of Air-Conditioners too you must check where the waste-water from the AC is being disposed.
- Any water tanks, water containers must be covered.
- Use Mosquito Repellents (Spray, Etc.) to ensure there are no mosquitoes in and around your home.
- This must be done during the Day or Night, whenever you see any mosquitoes around you.
- Use UV light based mosquito devices.
- Use Bed-Nets / Mosquito-Nets if required.
* Dengue mosquito is known to bite during the day. Same is the case with chikungunya.
Fever, Headache, Pain in the eyes, Pain in Muscles / Joints, Loss of Appetite, Nausea, Vomiting, Abdominal Pain, Bleeding in the Gums, Chills, Diarrhea, Anemia, etc. are some of the symptoms of Dengue and / or Malaria.
If you encounter any of the symptoms, immediately consult your doctor. Dengue / Malaria can be diagnosed by Blood Test.
The diseases are treatable if diagnosed on time. On encountering any of the symptoms, refer to your doctor immediately for Diagnosis and Treatment.
Need for hospitalization of the affected person is rare in most cases.
Can it Strike Again ?
Yes, Dengue has more than one type of dengue virus (DEN1, DEN 2, DEN 3, and DEN 4), any which can affect the person. Since these do not cross-immune each other, you may get Dengue again in your life.
Are they communicable from Human to Human ?
No, an infected person cannot spread dengue / malaria directly, the disease is transmitted via mosquito bites.
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Prevention is better than cure, hence it is in our hands to minimize the chances of falling prey to any mosquito borne diseases.
Let us always be safe, healthy, and happy.
– Prabhas Ghai
Rising Stars Junior School
New Delhi, India